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TitleCharacterisation of South African wheat genotypes to improve nutritional quality and yield
AuthorLephuthing, Mantshiuwa Christinah
SubjectBread wheat
SubjectGenetic variation
SubjectLinkage mapping
SubjectNutritional quality
SubjectQuantitative trait loci
SubjectYield-related traits
AbstractBread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is an important cereal crop that provides over 20% of the global calorie intake. With the world population constantly growing, yield production must increase to meet food demands. Wheat plays a significant role on nutritional and food security especially in rural areas, however, bread wheat grains are known to be inherently deficient in micronutrients, particularly Fe and Zn, which makes them important biofortification targets. To date, South African wheat genotypes have not been explored for their nutritional micronutrient variation; hence there is a need to investigate the variation of nutritional quality and its association with yield components. Bread wheat cultivars, TugelaDN and Elands were used in this study based on their known high yield potential, resistance to insect pests and diseases as well as their good-to-excellent bread-making quality. The goal of this study was to use a doubled haploid (DH) mapping population, developed from a cross between cultivars Tugela-DN and Elands, to identify single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS)-based markers linked to high nutritional quality and yield-related traits. This was achieved by (i) determining grain micronutrient (Fe and Zn) concentration variation in 139 lines of a DH mapping population; (ii) evaluating the mapping population for yield-related traits; (iii) determining the correlation between micronutrient and yield-related traits among the genotypes; (iv) identifying SNP GBS-based markers linked to the high minerals and yield-related traits. The analysis of variance (ANOVA) showed significant (P<0.001) differences between genotypes for all traits evaluated. A wide variation was observed for both GFeC and GZnC. The statistical analysis revealed significant variation for Zn concentration (P < 0.001) among genotypes and not significant Fe concentration. DArT-Seq was used to genotype Tugela-DN and Elands cultivars and 139 DH genotypes. Quantitative trait loci (QTL) were detected using SNP GBS-based markers on chromosome 2D, 5B, 5D, 6A, and 6B for GZnC, and on chromosome 2D, 5B, 5D and 7D for GFeC. Most QTLs identified for GFeC and GZnC shared the genomic interval and some of them also co-located with few yield-related traits. The results of this study will contribute to breeding programmes to improve nutritional quality of bread wheat and food security of the country.
AbstractLife and Consumer Sciences