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TitleAssessment of the flocculating efficiency of bioflocculant produced by Bacillus SP. AEMREG4 isolated from Thyume River, Eastern Cape, South Africa
AuthorNtsangani, Nozipho
Format91 leaves
AbstractBioflocculants are flocculating substances produced by microorganisms during growth and have recently received considerable attention from researchers; due to their biodegradability, non-toxicity and lack of secondary pollution from degradation intermediates. This study evaluated the efficiency of bioflocculant produced by Bacillus sp. AEMREG4 isolated from Tyhume River. The bacterial identification was through 16S rDNA sequencing; nucleotide sequences were deposited in GenBank as Bacillus sp. AEMREG4 with an Accession number KP406729. The optimum culture conditions for bioflocculant production were an inoculum size of 4 percent (v/v) and starch as well as yeast extract as sole carbon and nitrogen sources respectively. The addition of CaCl2 enhanced the flocculating activity, at a wide range of pH 4-10 and the highest flocculating activity was reached at an initial pH 8 (80 percent). A bioflocculant yield of 0.78 g was recovered from 1 L of culture broth. The optimum flocculating activity of 78 percent was reached at the lowest bioflocculant dosage of 0.1 mg/ml and the presence of divalent cations (Ca2+, Mn2+ and Mg2+) as well as a trivalent cation (Al3+) enhanced flocculating activity. The purified bioflocculant retained more than 70 percent flocculating activity when subjected to heating at 100 °C for 1 h and maximum flocculating activity of 83 percent was achieved at both acidic and basic pH values of 3 and 10 respectively. Chemical analysis showed that the bioflocculant is predominantly polysaccharide. The Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrum revealed the presence of carboxyl, hydroxyl and methoxyl groups as the functional moieties and the scanning electron microscopy (SEM) imaging of the purified bioflocculant showed its morphological structure as rod-shaped which contributes to its high flocculating efficiency. The high flocculation activity displayed by this bioflocculant indicates its potential suitability for industrial application.
PublisherUniversity of Fort Hare
PublisherFaculty of Science and Agriculture