View Record

TitleThe influence of atmospheric conditions on the detection of hotspots inside a substation yard
AuthorKleynhans, Rodney
SubjectCentral University of Technology, Free State - Dissertations
SubjectElectric substations
SubjectElectric power distribution
SubjectElectric power system stability
SubjectInfrared testing
SubjectDissertations, academic - South Africa - Bloemfontein
Format1 627 795 bytes
AbstractThesis (M. Tech. Electrical engineering) -- Central University of technology, Free State, 2012
AbstractInfrared thermography is a non-contact method of identifying the thermal behaviour of various plant equipment and machines, including their components, qualitatively via pattern recognition and quantitatively via statistical analysis. This allows for the development of condition monitoring and predictive failure analysis. It is well established that optimized maintenance planning can be more effective when a problem is detected in the early stages of failure. For example, in electrical systems an elevated electrical resistance caused by loose or corroded connections, broken conductor strands and dirty contact surfaces, results in localized heating, and a unique infrared pattern when analysed leads to the location of the problem and an indication of its severity. In recent years industrial thermography has used infrared detectors in the long wave portion of the electromagnetic spectrum normally between 8μm and 15μm, due partly to the fact that these wavelengths are not susceptible to solar radiation and/or solar glint. A number of scientific experiments were carried out on test apparatus to improve the understanding of the impact of convection, ambient air temperature and relative humidity on resultant infrared thermal images. Two similar heat sources, simulating a hotspot, at different temperature settings were used to determine whether the hotspot temperature should also be considered in conjunction with the atmospheric elements. The need for these experiments has also been identified by EPRI (Electrical Power Research Institute) in the USA as necessary to develop international severity criteria, and it is hoped that this study will contribute to this goal.
Publisher[Bloemfontein?] : Central University of Technology, Free State