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TitleSelf-damping characteristics of transmission line conductors subjected to free and forced vibration
AuthorMokeretla, Molungoa Samuel
SubjectCentral University of Technology, Free State - Dissertations
SubjectElectric cables
SubjectElectric conductors
SubjectVibration - Measurement
SubjectDamping (Mechanics)
SubjectOverhead electric lines - Vibration
SubjectDissertations, academic - South Africa - Bloemfontein
Date2014-03-04T20:55:34Z
Date2014-03-04T20:55:34Z
Date2011-02
TypeThesis
Format4467366 bytes
Formatapplication/pdf
AbstractThesis (M. Tech.) - Central University of Technology, Free State, 2011
AbstractThe objectives of this research were to investigate and establish a procedure to determine the self-damping characteristics of transmission line conductors subjected to free and forced vibrations. The TERN and Aero-Z IEC62219-REV240609 conductor cables were the transmission line conductors that were readily available at the Vibration Research and Testing Centre (VTRC) of the University of KwaZulu-Natal (UKZN). The question to be answered was whether the self-damping characteristics of the TERN and Aero-Z IEC62219-REV240609 conductors were adequate to suppress Aeolian or wake-induced vibrations. In other words, is it necessary for external damping mechanisms to be used with these conductors? This study confirmed that the self-damping characteristics of conductors are not adequate to suppress Aeolian or wake-induced vibrations. Governing partial differential equations describing the characteristics of the catenary and parabolic cable conductors were developed to validate the experimental results. The experimental tests involved both conductors being subjected to an impulse function (a free vibration method) and also to a harmonic function (a forced vibration method). Measurements were carried out using accelerometers, and the recording equipment consisted of oscilloscopes and the PUMA system. With both the free and forced vibration methods, the damping factor of the TERN conductor was confirmed to be ζ ≤ 0.05, whereas the damping factor of the Aero-Z IEC62219-REV240609 was confirmed to be ζ ≤ 0.2. A procedure for determining the self-damping characteristics of the TERN and Aero-Z IEC62219-REV240609 conductors was developed, with the damping factor found to be ζ ≤ 0.2 for both conductors. These methods can assist in the implementation of procedural analysis of the self-damping behaviour of different types of transmission conductors and in finding the most suitable mass absorber (damper) to use in reducing the rate of failure of transmission line conductors. The results of this study can be used to improve the mathematical modelling of Aeolian and wind-induced vibrations where both self-damping properties and a mass absorber are incorporated.
PublisherBloemfontein : Central University of Technology, Free State
Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/11462/15