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TitleEnergy efficiency interventions for residential buildings in Bloemfontein using passive energy techniques
AuthorKumirai, Tichaona
SubjectCentral University of Technology, Free State - Dissertations
SubjectArchitecture and energy conservation - South Africa - Bloemfontein
SubjectDwellings - Energy conservation - Economic aspects
SubjectBuilding materials - Thermal properties
SubjectDwellings - Heating and ventilation
SubjectDissertations, academic - South Africa - Bloemfontein
Format3 113 877 bytes
AbstractThesis (M. Tech. (Mech. Eng.)) -- Central University of Technology, Free state, 2010
AbstractThe purpose of this research is to minimize the use of active systems in providing thermal comfort in single-family detached, middle to high income residential buildings in Bloemfontein. The typical case study house was selected according to the criteria as reviewed by Mathews et al., (1999). Measurements were taken for seven days (18 – 24 May 2009). The measurements were carried out in the winter period for Bloemfontein, South Africa. Ecolog TH1, humidity and temperature data logger was used in doing the measurements. These measurements included indoor temperatures and indoor relative humidity. Temperature swings of 8.43 ºC and thermal lag of 1 hour were observed. For the period of seven days (168 hours), the house was thermally comfortable for 84 hours. Thermal analysis for the base case house was done using Ecotect™ (building analysis software) and the simulated results were compared with the measured results. A mean bias error (MBE) of between 10.3% ≤≤11.5% was obtained on the initial calibration. The final calibration of the model yielded error between0.364% ≤≤0.365%. The final calibration model which presented a small error was adopted as the base case. Passive strategies were incorporated to the Ecotect™ model (final calibrated model) singly and in combination; then both thermal and space load simulations were obtained and compared to simulations from the original situation (base case) for assessing improvements in terms of thermal comfort and heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) energy consumption. Annual HVAC electricity savings of up to 55.2 % were obtained from incorporating passive strategies in combination. Incorporating passive strategies resulted in small improvements in thermal comfort.
PublisherBloemfontein : Central University of Technology, Free State