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TitlePrevalence and determinants of sputum smear non-conversion in smear positive tuberculosis patients at Ephraim Mogale Municipality, Limpopo Province, South Africa
AuthorRadingoana, Sylvia
SubjectTuberculosis
SubjectSputum grading
SubjectSputum smear conversions
SubjectSputum smear positive pulmonary TB
SubjectTurberculosis Intensive phase
SubjectTuberculosis -- Patients
SubjectTuberculosis -- Alternative treatment
SubjectClinical psychology
Date2018-03-12T08:49:48Z
Date2018-03-12T08:49:48Z
Date2017
TypeThesis
Formatxv, 67 leaves
AbstractThesis (MPH.) -- University of Limpopo, 2017.
AbstractThe present study presents data about the prevalence and determinants of sputum smear non-conversion in smear positive tuberculosis patients. Despite the intervention by the Sekhukhune District Department of Health through continual training and workshops of professional nurses in respect of the NTCP, there are still more challenges observed in terms of TB management. Aim: To investigate the prevalence and determinants of sputum smear non-conversion in smear positive PTB patients after intensive phase of treatment. Method: Quantitative, descriptive retrospective study of TB records was conducted. Data collection was done by extracting data from ETR.net and exporting it to excel. Data cleaning was done before analysis. Data analysis was done using the computer Statistical Package Software for Social research (SPSS) volume 23.1. Findings: 834 TB patients’ records were extracted from the ETR.net database. 34% of records were available at 2 – months; 57% of the patients were males; also, 81% of the patients were diagnosed/treated at PHC facilities; 52% of the patients were HIV positive; 69% percent of the patients who were smear positive grading p+++ failed to convert after two months. In the univariate logistic regression patients with age 20 – 29 were observed to be 4.9 times likely (O.R. = 4.97) to be sputum positive (P = 0.142).Sputum grade 3(p+++) at the time of diagnosis was found to be significantly associated (P = 0.031) with sputum non – conversion after intensive phase of treatment. Conclusion: Two month sputum smear non-conversion is associated with pre-treatment sputum smear grading.
Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10386/1911