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TitleSeparation of racemates via host-guest chemistry
AuthorSebogisi, Baganetsi Karabo
SubjectSupramolecular chemistry
SubjectEnantiomers -- Separation
SubjectEnantiomers -- Biotechnology
SubjectDeoxycholic acid
SubjectDeoxycholic acid
SubjectDissertations, Academic
SubjectTheses, dissertations, etc.
AbstractThesis submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree Magister Technologiae: Chemistry in the Faculty of Applied Science at the CAPE PENINSULA UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY 2012
AbstractChirality is very important to the pharmaceutical industry as enantiomers have the same macroproperties except for their optical and pharmacological activity. Industrial research has thus focused to find the most effective resolution technique. However, our aim was to obtain more information regarding the discrimination process. In this project the structures of the hydrates of di-quininium L-malate, (2QUIN+)(L-MA2-)•2H2O and the di-quininium D-malate, (2QUIN+)(D-MA2-)•2H2O have been investigated. (-)-Quinine (QUIN) did not show selectivity between the D and L malic acid and the structure of (2QUIN+)(DL-MA2-)•2H2O was obtained. Effect of solvents was demonstrated in the study and the structure of (QUIN+)(D-MA-)•H2O) was reported. The relationship between C-O bonds of the carboxylate and carboxylic moieties and ÄpKa was explored in salt and co-crystal formation. Kinetics of absorption was conducted for the reaction of (+)-deoxycholic acid (DCA) with n-propylamine and DCA with racemic sec-butylamine. The rate constants of the reactions were determined. Kinetics of desolvation was performed on the powder samples of mixtures of DCA and sec-butylamine and DCA with di-n-butylamine. Non-isothermal methods were used where a series of TG analyses was carried out at different heating rates (2, 4, 10, 32 K min-1). The structures of DCA with n-propylamine and di-n-butylamine were elucidated. The selectivity of DCA was investigated. The host compound was found to be able to successfully resolve racemic sec-butylamine (2-BUAM) and 2-amino-3-methylbutane (MeBUAM). The structures of DCA with enantiomers of these guests are reported in the study. The structures of R-BUAM and S-BUAM were solved in different space groups while R-MeBUAM and S-MeBUAM crystallized in the same space group.
PublisherCape Peninsula University of Technology