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TitleStructure and reactivity of selected binaphthyl derivatives
AuthorKabwit, Rodriguez Yav
SubjectSupramolecular chemistry
SubjectMolecular theory
SubjectDissertations, Academic
SubjectTheses, dissertations, etc.
AbstractThesis presented to the CAPE PENINSULA UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY for the degree of MASTER OF TECHNOLOGY Department of Chemistry, Cape Peninsula University of Technology, Cape Town Campus, Zonnebloem, October 2013
AbstractIn this thesis, the complexation behaviour of the host compounds, 1,1’-binaphthyl- 2,2’-dicarboxylic acid (BNDA) and 1,1’-binaphthyl-2,2’-diol (BINOL) were investigated. These hosts are large, bulky and scissor shaped; they contain functionalities to selectively interact with other molecules. A series of small organic compounds, particularly amines, were used in the preparation of the complexes. BNDA formed three complexes with acyclic amines, two complexes with the cyclic amines and two complexes with a racemic amine in different solvents. All the complexes formed were salts. The amines used were diethylamine, di-nbutylamine, cyclohexylamine, dicyclohexylamine, and sec-butylamine. For the studies with the acyclic amines and cyclic amines, crystals were grown in methanol as a co-solvent. Similar experiments were conducted with BINOL. Successful complexation only occurred with cyclohexylamine and dicyclohexylamine respectively. An amine host, 1,1’-binaphthyl-2,2’- diamine (BINDIA) was also considered with acidic and amide guests to extend the study of the binaphthyl derivatives, but from the array of guests used, the host only formed an inclusion compound with dimethylacetamide (DMA). The structures of all the complexes were elucidated using single crystal X-ray diffraction. Thermal analysis was performed in order to determine the thermal stability of the complexes, including techniques such as thermogravimetry, differential scanning calorimetry and hot stage microscopy. The kinetics of desolvation was investigated for some of the complexes.
PublisherCape Peninsula University of Technology